2nd Puc English Where There Is A Wheel Lesson Notes Question Answers

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Where There Is A Wheel Notes Class 12

Comprehension I

1. What does cycling as a symbol of social mobility mean?

Cycling as a symbol of social mobility means freedom, independence and mobility for rural women.

2. When Jameela Bibi says, “ It is my right. We can go anywhere”, she is

a. asserting her right to move freely.

3. What does bicycle represent for the rural women ?

For the rural women bicycle represents ‘freedom’.

4. Who has cycling benefitted the most?

Cycling has benefitted the rural women the most.

5 What is common between neo-literates and neo-cyclists?

Cycling as a social movement was first popularized by the neo-literates. These neo-literates are the ones who became neo-cyclists.

6. ‘Enforced routine’ and ‘male imposed barrier’ refer to

c. status of women in patriarchal society.

7. How did the men react to women taking to cycling?

Women had to put up with vicious attacks on their character. Some of the men made filthy remarks. Social sanction from the Arivoli organization, made some menfolk less hostile and some of them even encouraged the women to learn cycling

8. What do the phrases ‘flags on the handle bar’ and ‘bells ringing’ suggest?

The phrases ‘flags on the handle bar’ and ‘bells ringing’ refer to the women’s cycle rally organized on the international Women’s Day in 1992 in which 1500 female cyclists took Pudukkottai by storm.

9. Why did UNICEF sanction mopeds to Arivoli women activists?

The UNICEF sanctioned fifty mopeds to Arivoli women activists in appreciation of their work of initiating more than 70,000 women from Pudukkotai who have taken part to display their cycling skills at the public ‘exhibition-cum-contests’ in a single week in 1992.

10. Why is the cycle called ‘the humble vehicle’?

The word ‘humble’ means ‘poor’, the lowest in rank. The writer calls it a humble vehicle because it is the most common and it is seen even in the most remote places, a common man’s vehicle

11. Name the Arivoli activist who penned the famous cycling song.

Muthu Bhaskaran is the male Arivoli activist who penned the famous cycling song.

12. Name the place where the cycling movement takes place in the essay ‘Where there is a wheel’.

Pudukkottai district in TamilNadu is the place where the cycling movement took place.

13. Why did the women of Pudukkotttai take to cycling?

The women of Pudukkottai took to cycling to break free from the maleimposed barriers. ‘Cycling’ enabled them to achieve freedom, mobility and independence.

14. Name some of the women who have taken to cycling.

Jameela Bibi, Fatima, and N.Kannammal are some of the women who have taken to cycling.

15. What is Fatima by profession?

A secondary school teacher.

16. What does Arivoli Iyakkam mean?

Light of knowledge movement.

17. What is the literacy movement of Pudukkottai called?

Arivoli Iyakkam

18. Who was the brain behind the cycling movement?

Sheela Rani Chunkath, a popular former District Collector, was the brain behind the cycling movement

19. What did Sheela Rani add as a part of the literacy drive?

Sheela Rani added mobility as a part of the literacy drive.

20. When and why did Sheela Rani start the cycling movement?

In 1991 Sheela Rani Chunkath started the cycling movement in the Pudukkottai district with the intention of training female literacy activists so that literacy would reach women in the interior.

21. Who is Manormani? How old is she?

Twenty two years old Manormani is a quarry worker and an Arivoli volunteer

22. To what has cycling by women been compared to?

Cycling by women has become a metaphor for freedom.

23. How has cycling helped small producers?

Cycling has helped small producers cut down on time wasted in waiting for buses . It has also helped them to give more time to focus on selling their produce. It has also helped them to cover a large area

24. How much did each cycle cost in the beginning?

It costed1200.

Comprehension II

1. Do you think women taking up cycling are as significant as the literacy movement?

Palagummi Sainath is the Rural Affairs Editor of The Hindu , who focus on social problems, rural affairs and globalization in India. This essay is taken from his book ‘Everybody loves a good drought’. Arivoli Iyakkam ‘Light of knowledge Movement’ liberated a vast majority of the rural
women in Pudukottai District by teaching them to read and write along with cycling
Yes, Women taking up cycling are as significant as the literacy movement because their experience has enriched the literacy movement.

The neo-cyclists were bound even more passionately much
before to Arivoli, the Districts vigorous literacy drive. Every neoliterate popularized cycling and saw a direct link between cycling and her personal independence. It reduced their dependence on men. It offered a way out of enforced routines around male imposed barriers. It gave them independence, freedom and mobility. The main thing it gave women was the confidence and the sense of self-respect by becoming financially independent and by sharing the family responsibilities.

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