1st Puc English Watchman of the Lake Notes Question Answer

1st Puc English Watchman of the Lake Notes Question Answer Summery Extract Mcq Questions Pdf Download, 1st Puc English Chapter 8 Notes 2023 Kseeb Solutions For Class 11 English Chapter 8 Notes 1st Puc English 8th Lesson Question Answer

 

Watchman of the Lake Class 11

Comprehension: I

1. Why was the headman in a hurry to complete the road work?

The headman was in a hurry to complete the road work because the king was supposed to arrive to the village on the next day.

2. The village headman asked Mara to keep away from the road workers because___

He was disturbing the workers.

3. How did Mara manage to draw the attention of the king? Why?

Mara managed to draw the attention of the king by jumping in front of
his procession from a tree. He did this to inform the king about his
dream in which goddess commanded to build the tank for river Veda.

4. How does the king respond to Mara’s information about the tank?

The king instructed Mara to accompany him next day to his capital.

5. What does Mara advise his son in saving the lake and the creatures?

Mara advised his son to guard the lake after he is gone and deal firmly with the killers and to ensure that everything which flies, swims or walks near the lake must be protected.

6. Why did the visitor approach Mara?

A visitor approaches Mara to request him to help in building a few
channels from the lake to his village as the crops are dying without
water.

7. Mara was trembling at the king’s palace because

He was worried about the lake.

8. On what condition did Mara make the Goddess wait for him?

To wait until his return.

9. Why did the head man scold Mara?

Headman scolded Mara as he was sharing his vision with his
neighbour.

Comprehension: II

1. What was the significance of Mara’s dream?

R. K. Narayan was an Indian author whose works of fiction include a series of books about people and their interactions in an imagined town in India called Malgudi. Narayan rarely wrote plays and the present
one is said to be a dramatized version of his short story ‘The Watchman’. Mara’s dream signifies the need to recognize the precious quality of water and the need to conserve water by building a tank around the
river Veda, so that water will be available during summer also. In his vision the Goddess stood before him, she looked like a protective mother in every way with her tresses flying in the wind with stars in her crown, a ruby as big as the eyes of the elephant sparkling on her forehead and wearing a garment of gold. She warned that the river Veda at the foot of the hills is her own play thing, which carried nectar for Gods and nourishment for mortals. With the coming of summer the river is withdrawn into the cool glades of the mountains and people die of drought.

The river yet again flows when summer ends. Man, without realizing the precious quality of water, uses it as much as he wants and allows it to waste away in the foul marshes far off. She advises Mara to tell the king to build a tank and give Veda a home and not to let her leave the village. The vision of Mara was understood by the king and he asked Mara to accompany him to the capital. The tank was built and Mara was made the watchman of the lake.

2. What instructions did Mara give his son about the lake and the creatures? What light do these instructions throw on Mara’s character?

R.K Narayan was an Indian author whose works of fiction include a series of books about people and their interactions in an imagined town in India called Malgudi. Narayan rarely wrote plays and the present
one is said to be a dramatized version of his short story ‘The Watchman’. Mara is more than a mere watchman of the lake. He is the custodian of the river, preserver of values of nature’s oneness, Love and Selflessness. He wanted his son to possess the same values. Mara instructs his son to guard the lake after he is gone with the same outlook and deal firmly with the selfish people who come to kill the gulls or the fish. Mara performs the role of the watchman of the lake with a sense of responsibility and vision.

He considers the lake as belonging to all forms of life and nobody should use it for his selfish purpose. He never allowed people to fish in the lake, or to hunt the gulls which skim over the lake. He strongly believed that the lake is sacred and belongs to the goddess and according to her command no form of life should ever be killed. He performed this duty diligently. He has even let the tiger to
quench its thirst. He considered himself to be the master of the lake because the king had given him the responsibility of looking after the lake, which was the result of his vision of the Goddess. He knows how
much water he has to give and when to stop it.

Even the headman has to ask for his permission if he needs water. He is the king of the Lake, and the caretaker of the lives of cattle and people. He asks his son to warn the man taking his cow to the lake’s edge about the depth of the lake. Mara willingly agrees to give water to the visitor’s village where there is drought, and the crops are getting parched up and the cattle are dying. This shows that his outlook is selfless, socially inclined and is in the interest of every single person in the kingdom.

3. Bring out the significance of the sacred spot that Mara describes to the King.

R.K Narayan was an Indian author whose works of fiction include a series of books about people and their interactions in an imagined town in India called Malgudi. Narayan rarely wrote plays and the present one is said to be a dramatized version of his short story ‘The Watchman’. The spot that Mara described to the king is a sacred spot. It is associated with the holy place described in “Ramayana”; He describes the spot as being the same as one where Lord Hanuman stood on the day Lakshman was injured in the battle field at Lanka. The mountain whose shadow fell on the king was the same as the one on whose crest
Hanuman found the miraculous Sanjeevini, flew with it to Lanka and saved Lakshmana. A stream rose from the place, came down the mountain as ‘River Veda nourishing the people of the kingdom.

4. How did Mara react to the Goddess when she appeared before him for the first time and the second time?

R.K Narayan was an Indian author whose works of fiction include a series of books about people and their interactions in an imagined town in India called Malgudi. Narayan rarely wrote plays and the present one is said to be a dramatized version of his short story ‘The Watchman’. The vision of the Goddess appears to Mara two times. In the first he saw the Goddess as the mother, a protector. Her long hair flew in the wind as she stood resplendent (bright coloured in an impressive way) before him. He was moved by her sight and bowed in reverence. He considered her words to be prophetic and repeated the same to the king who understood its significance and acted upon it by building a tank and making him its watchman.

The second vision of the Goddess was a fierce vision of warning. She appeared fiercely and her eyes gleamed with a strange light. Mara was shocked and confused by her instructions to destroy the tank. He
pleads with her for mercy and requests her to reconsider her decision to destroy the tank. He takes a word from the Goddess that she will not destroy the tank until he returns from the king and rushes to see the king to find a way to save the lake and preserve it for future even at the mcost of sacrificing himself.

Comprehension: III

1. Was the headman justified in calling Mara a lunatic? Give reasons.

R.K Narayan was an Indian author whose works of fiction include a series of books about people and their interactions in an imagined town in India called Malgudi. Narayan rarely wrote plays and the present
one is said to be a dramatized version of his short story ‘The Watchman’. The headman is a man of limited knowledge. He is rude and is interested in pleasing the king. He fails to understand the urgency of Mara to meet the king and tell his dream. He asked the workers, to bind him and put him in the cellar. It was the good sense of Bhima that made him escape and reach out to the king and narrate his dream which
provided a perennial lake to the citizens,

2. “Nature is both protective and destructive” How does the play bring out this idea?

R.K Narayan was an Indian author whose works of fiction include a series of books about people and their interactions in an imagined town in India called Malgudi. Narayan rarely wrote plays and the present one is said to be a dramatized version of his short story ‘The Watchman’. Nature is universal in its providence (beneficent care). It is cyclic in its behavior; we cannot stop or alter its natural process. Nature is both protective and destructive in its ways. Nature has always been kind to man in extending its resources for his well being. In this lesson, we notice how nature allows the lake to flourish and makes the entire kingdom fertile with its presence.

All living forms are seen taking shelter and benefit from the lake. Finally the nature sends her destructive powers to destroy the lake. One can cherish nature’s fullness when it is productive and be prepared to meet disasters when it is destructive by threatening to destroy the
tank, the Goddess is reminding us that we do not have the power to control natural resources and determine where they should go.

3. How differently did Mara treat the fisherman and the visitor?

OR

4. Why do you think Mara asked the king to make his son, son’s son and so on, the watchman of the lake?

R.K Narayan was an Indian author whose works of fiction include a .series of books about people and their interactions in an imagined town in India called Malgudi. Narayan rarely wrote plays and the present
one is said to be a dramatized version of his short story ‘The Watchman’. Mara believes that every form of life has a right to survive in the river and man should not be selfish. He considers, fishing and killing birds to be acts against this principle and warns the fisherman not to fish and remove the fish from its rightful and natural environment. He instructs his son not to allow such activities.

On the other hand Mara thinks the lake has to nurture and sustain crops and cattle and the lake is not only owned by people of that region alone but water has to be channelized to the dry land. Thus his vision is to use the Natural resources equitably and justifiably. Mara instructs his son that he has to deal firmly with the killers and make sure that creatures of the lake are safe, when he is gone his son will have to continue the good work of watchman in the same spirit. Mara feels that it is his and his successor’s duty to protect the lake and preserve it for the future because the Goddess had appeared in his vision and chose him to be the instrument through which the lake benefits the people.

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